The management literature is full of it. Here are my two cents. Think of two balloons—one filled in with regular air, and the other one with gas. The first one needs to be pushed up continuously to keep it floating, otherwise it will gravitate to the ground. It needs rules and reminders to make things happen. It takes others to push to keep it floating, waning away the energy of people around it. The second one, the gas balloon, is “self-motivated” and energetic. All you need is to leave it alone, it will keep rising to the top. It works on its own, it makes rules for others on how to reach it. We extend our hands upwards to touch it, raising the energy level of people to achieve more and more. We love to see it going upwards. We enjoy the self-rising balloon that makes us happy and smiling.
Now you tell me which one is the leader and which one is the manager!